NERSC Gauge Connection — open access to USQCD/MILC gauge ensembles
The NERSC Gauge Connection science portal provides open
and free access to USQCD gauge configurations. It is the preferred download site for the MILC asqtad 2+1 flavor,
and (soon) the hisq 2+1+1 flavor gauge configuration ensembles.
You do not need to obtain a personal grid ticket, nor do you need any grid middleware software
to use the Gauge Connection. Users may register on the site to download configurations using their existing
Google, Facebook, Yahoo, or other OpenID identities.
Files may be downloaded via http (web browser), or
via Globus File Transfer services.
International Lattice Data Grid — gauge ensembles from around the globe
The International Lattice Data Grid (ILDG) is an international organization which provides standards,
services, methods and tools that facilitates the sharing and interchange of lattice QCD gauge configurations
among scientific collaborations, by uniting their regional data grids.
The ILDG promotes a common schema to markup meta-data (e.g. physics and algorithmic parameters)
that describe ensembles of gauge configurations. Each regional grid catalogs the meta-data for the ensembles
and gauge configurations they wish to share. Through each of the ILDG web portals,
a user can search any or all of the regional meta-data catalogs which implement the ILDG web service interfaces.
Gauge configurations are provided by the ILDG in a standardized file format which is compatible with the SciDAC QIO
input/output library. Member collaborations within the ILDG are developing scripting and GUI based tools to simplify
downloading data files. Each file to be downloaded is specified by a unique logical file name (LFN)
that is part of the data file's meta-data. Further, each regional grid maintains a file catalog (also known as a replica catalog)
that relates the logical file name to one or more copies of the data file in the regional grid's storage resources.
The tools being developed will automate contacting the regional grid replica catalog and executing the file transfer.
Obtaining files from the ILDG has the following prerequisites:
- You must obtain a Grid Certificate that is your "electronic identity"
- You must register this Certificate in the ILDG Virtual Organization VOMS server
- You need to have access to a machine that has the various grid and file transfer clients installed
Establishing your grid identity
Obtain a personal grid certificate
from the Open Science Grid.
You will need to export a copy of your certificate from the web browser in order to use it with grid tools, on other computers
or with other web browsers.
Do not forget your certificate's pass phrase: there is no way to reset or recover a forgotten pass phrase!
Create a key pair from your certificate for GLOBUS.
You need to prepare a key pair from your grid certificate and install a copy of the key pair in your account on computers where
you will be using ILDG grid applications. Contact your system administrator to find a system that has
GLOBUS tools installed.
The key pair is typically installed in the directory ~/.globus.
YourCert.p12 is the file containing the copy of your certificate exported by your web browser.
- To extract your certificate:
- openssl pkcs12 -in YourCert.p12 -clcerts -nokeys -out $HOME/.globus/usercert.pem
- To extract your encrypted private key:
- openssl pkcs12 -in YourCert.p12 -nocerts -out $HOME/.globus/userkey.pem
- You must protect your private key:
- chmod go-rw $HOME/.globus/userkey.pem
Files usercert.pem and userkey.pem may be copied to other systems where you wish to use grid tools.
Join the ILDG Virtual Organization.
Membership in the ILDG VO allows grid sites to verify your affiliation with the International Lattice Data Grid Organization.
Joining the ILDG is a prerequisite for being able to download gauge configuration files.
You must have your personal grid certificate loaded in your web browser before you begin the ILDG VO application.
During registration you will declare you affiliation with one of the regional member grids of the ILDG.
Affiliation with a regional grid may give you an extended set of access permissions within that grid.
Browsing meta-data catalogs
Several ILDG web portals that allow a user to browse the regional meta-data catalogs are being developed.
Users are invited to try any of the available portals and use the one that best suits their needs.
Here is a list of existing portals (circa January 2008):
Other gauge ensemble archives that are not part of the ILDG are listed below.
Users will find directions on how to download files at each of the sites.
Ensemble and Configuration Filenames
An ensemble and individual configurations are identified respectively by
Markov chain (MC) uniform resource identifier (URI) or a logical file name (LFN) within
an ILDG meta-data catalog. Markov chain URIs of the form:
mc://[REGIONAL GRID]/[GRID SPECIFIC ENESMBLE ID]
whereas LFNs are of the form:
lfn://[REGIONAL GRID]/[REGIONAL GRID SPECIFIC FILENAME]
denotes one of the MILC "fine" ensembles, and
denotes configuration number 204 of series 0 in this ensemble.
A configuration LFN must be mapped to a storage url (SURL) which encodes a file in a storage device before the
configuration can be downloaded. This mapping is performed by a grid replica catalog. For example, A SURL corresponding to the
LFN above is:
The ILDG has developed some client tools (ildg-get) that allows one to interrogate the file catalogue and automate a download
On a system where Globus client toolkit and the ildg-get tools are installed
Signing on to the Grid - Initializing a Proxy
# create a grid proxy certificate
Your identity: /DC=com/DC=opensciencegrid/O=Open Science Grid/OU=People/CN=Frodo Baggins 60510
Enter GRID pass phrase for this identity:
Creating proxy ......................................................... Done
Your proxy is valid until: Wed Sep 22 08:31:25 2019
# check certificate validity
subject : /DC=com/DC=opensciencegrid/O=Open Science Grid/OU=People/CN=Frodo Baggins 60510/CN=61842501
issuer : /DC=com/DC=opensciencegrid/O=Open Science Grid/OU=People/CN=Frodo Baggins 60510
identity : /DC=com/DC=opensciencegrid/O=Open Science Grid/OU=People/CN=Frodo Baggins 60510
type : RFC 3820 compliant impersonation proxy
strength : 1024 bits
path : /tmp/x509up_u11211
timeleft : 11:52:49
Using ildg-get to download metadata
The following invocation will download the Metadata XML for a given MC URI
$ ildg-get -mdc-only mc://USQCD/MILC/asqtad/2_plus_1_flavor/2464f21b676m005m050
This will create a file called 2464f21b676m005m050.xml containing the ensemble metadata
One can also download metadata for a configuration file using ildg-get:
$ ildg-get -mdc-only lfn://USQCD/MILC/asqtad/2_plus_1_flavor/2464f21b676m005m050/series_0/l2464f21b676m005m050.978
This will create a file called l2464f21b676m005m050.978.xml containing the configuration metadata
Using ildg-get to interrogate the replica catalogue
ildg-get can be used to map a configurations LFN to its storage URL. This involves the tool interrogating the file
catalog of the regional grid in question. For example the command:
$ ildg-get -fc-only lfn://USQCD/MILC/asqtad/2_plus_1_flavor/2464f21b676m005m050/series_0/l2464f21b676m005m050.978
returns the result
At this point, one can download the file using a tool like srmcp, for example:
$ srmcp \
Using ildg-get to download the file
The ildg-get utility supports a direct download of a file from its LFN. Essentially combining the
two steps of the File Catalogue lookup and the srmcp invocation into one command. For example:
should download the data file to the local directory as l2464f21b676m005m050.978.ildg.
Verifying the file using ildg_cksum
Once the file is downloaded the integrity of its data can be verified by computing a checksum
on the file, and comparing this to the checksum in the metadata. The configuration file XML contains
a tag <crcCheckSum> for example for the configuration discussed above, the metadata file
l2464f21b676m005m050.978.xml shows that the CRC checksum of the data is:
We can compute the checksum on the downloaded configuration itself using the ildg_cksum utility
$ ildg_cksum ./l2464f21b676m005m050.978.ildg
and we can see that the checksum from the downloaded file matches that in the metadata document